How To Cut a Papaya

Jump to Recipe

Learn how to cut a papaya to make slices, wedges, and cubes. I’ll show you easy peeling techniques and knife skills so you can prepare this tropical fruit as a healthy snack, salad, dessert, or drink.

how to cut a papaya
Table of Contents
  1. Wash
  2. Cut off the ends
  3. Remove the skin
  4. Method 1: Peel the skin first
  5. Method 2: Cut, then peel
  6. Season and types
  7. Selecting
  8. Storing
  9. Ways to use papaya
  10. FAQ
  11. How to Cut a Papaya Recipe

Have you ever been curious about that pear-shaped papaya when browsing the produce section? The fruit’s soft and sweet flesh is similar to a mango and is ideal for eating as a quick snack or adding an interesting tropical taste to salads or beverages. I’ll show you my simple methods for peeling and cutting, so you can enjoy the nutritious fruit throughout the year.

Papaya (Carica papaya), also called pawpaw or papaw, is considered a large berry that grows on trees. Those are some strong branches, especially since that the cylindrical fruit can weigh up to 10 pounds or more! The thin, greenish-yellow skin is easy to slice through. The pinkish-orange interior flesh has a honeyed flavor with a distinctive ripe, almost musky aroma. Grab one the next time you’re at the store to enjoy and practice your knife skills.

Wash

rinsing a papaya fruit in the sink under running water

It’s always good practice to rinse fruit with cool water before cutting. This process helps to remove any dirt or contamination on the surface, which prevents it from transferring to the flesh.

Cut off the ends

slicing the ends off with a knife

To make the peeling process easy and provide a more stable base for cutting, cut off both ends. Just trim about 1/2-inch or up to 1-inch for larger papaya. 

Remove the skin

You can peel the skin off before or after cutting. Otherwise, if you feel more comfortable, wait to remove the skin because the flesh can be slightly slippery, especially when working with more significant pieces. Once you get the hang of it, I find that peeling first is more straightforward.

The skin is edible, but it’s best to remove it. The papaya plant produces latex, which can remain on the surface during harvesting and may cause stomach irritation [Source].

Method 1: Peel the skin first

Depending on your comfort level, you have two options; knife or vegetable peeler. Use a sharp paring knife or chef’s knife for large papaya. Place it standing up on the cut-end on a cutting board, then run the knife down the length of the fruit, following its natural curvature. The goal is to leave as much flesh as possible. 

Alternatively, the shallow blade of a peeler works well for yield and speed. Either hold the papaya in your hand or place it on the work surface. Slowly peel down the length of the fruit and rotate until you remove all the skin. If the flesh starts to get slippery, dry it with a clean paper towel.

Scoop out the seeds

scooping black seeds out of a papaya

When you slice open the papaya, there are shiny edible black seeds in the center. Use a spoon to scoop them out and discard them. The seeds are edible and make for an excellent high-fiber snack, but they have a slightly bitter, peppery taste.

Cut into wedges or cubes

Slice each cleaned half lengthwise into wedges, about 1/2 to 1-inch pieces. Each piece makes for a delicious snack, especially with lime juice squeezed on top. The citrus juice helps to tame the robust and musty aroma. You can further cut the wedges into cubes to add them to fruit salad or blend them up into a smoothie.

Cut into slices

cutting papaya into small slices

Cut each peeled halve into thin slices, about 1/4-inch thick. Then cut again through the shortest area crosswise to create rainbow-like shapes. This technique works well if you have smaller papayas and makes for a pretty fruit platter presentation.

Method 2: Cut, then peel

Similar to cutting a cantaloupe, you can remove the skin later in the process. This method makes it easy to cut into large wedges or cubes.

Cut the papaya in half lengthwise, then scoop out the black seeds. Cut each half into wedges of your desired width, then use a paring knife to separate the skin from the flesh. If you prefer, you can further cut the pieces into cubes.

Season and types

The peak season for papaya is early summer and lingers into fall. However, importation and different growing seasons in various regions make it available year-round. Areas with warm, tropical climates like Hawaii, California, Florida, Mexico, Puerto Rico, Central, and South America are the largest producers. 

You’ll often find small individual sizes around 1 pound or more prominent ones like Tainung that can grow up to 4 pounds. Some Mexican varieties can grow up to 10 pounds. Hawaiian types like Sunset or Sunrise tend to be the sweetest.

papaya cut into different shapes

Selecting

Farmers harvest papayas when still green to withstand shipping conditions. During its travels, the skin turns yellow as it ripens. When picking at the store, look for a yellow skin or at least a few stripes. It’s okay if it has a slightly green hue as long as it’s not hard in texture.

Tainung papayas are ripe when still green. Typically for other varieties, green skin indicates it’s not yet mature and will taste sour. But in this case, it’s okay for use in a Thai papaya salad but just not great for snacking. Give it a light squeeze. There should be some give and feel soft but not squishy. Avoid any bruised or overly soft fruit.

Storing

If not yet ripe, store on the counter out of direct sunlight at room temperature. To accelerate the ripening process, place it in a paper bag with an ethylene gas-producing fruit like a banana or apple, and check each day. Once ripe, eat within a few days, or refrigerate for up to 3 days for the best taste. Store cut pieces of fresh papaya in the refrigerator in an airtight container for up to 3 days.

Ways to use papaya

FAQ

How do you know when a papaya is ripe?

Papaya is ripe when the exterior feels slightly soft when lightly pressed. Visually for most varieties, the skin turns from green to yellow. Some green hue is okay as long as the fruit is not firm.

Are papayas good for you?

Yes! The salmon-colored flesh is packed with lycopene, carotenoids, fiber, carbohydrates, minerals like magnesium, iron, calcium, and potassium, and antioxidants like vitamin A, C, and E.

Are papayas good for digestion?

The flesh contains an enzyme called papain which aids in the breakdown of proteins for digestive health benefits. The enzyme is at the highest level in less ripe fruit and has even been isolated to be used as a meat tenderizer and nutritional supplement. Make sure to consult with a physician if pregnant before consuming [Source].

cubes of papaya on a white plate

Why does papaya have a strong taste and odor?

The musky taste is due to the fruit containing a unique enzyme called papain. This enzyme creates an intense and possibly unpleasant experience and gets stronger as the fruit becomes riper. A little squeeze of citrus on top, like lime juice, helps to reduce the flavor.

Pin this recipe to save for later

Pin This

How to Cut a Papaya

Learn how to cut a papaya to make slices, wedges, and cubes to prepare this tropical fruit as a healthy snack, salad, dessert, or drink.
Pin Print Review
4.88 from 8 votes
Prep Time10 mins
Cook Time0 mins
Total Time10 mins
Servings 2 servings
Course Snack
Cuisine American

Ingredients

  • 1 papaya

Instructions 

  • Rinse the papaya under cool running water to remove any dirt. Dry with a clean towel.
  • Place the papaya on a cutting board and lay it on its side. Use a sharp knife to trim the ends off each side. Place cut-side down to create a sturdy base.

Method 1 – Peel the skin first

  • Use a vegetable peeler to remove the skin, peeling down the fruit lengthwise. Alternatively, run a knife down the skin lengthwise, following the natural curvature of the papaya. Work all the way around, removing as little flesh as possible.
  • Use a spoon to scoop out the black seeds and discard them.
  • Slices: Cut into 1/4 to 1/2-inch thick slices crosswise through the narrowest part of the fruit.
    Wedges: Cut each half lengthwise into strips about 1/2 to 1-inch thick.
    Cubes: Cut each wedge into 1/2 to 1-inch cubes or smaller as desired.

Method 2 – Cut, then peel

  • Cut the papaya in half lengthwise. Use a spoon to scoop out the black seeds and discard them.
  • Wedges: Cut each half lengthwise into strips about 1/2 to 1-inch thick. Use a paring knife to separate the flesh from the skin, removing as little flesh as possible.
    Cubes: Cut each wedge into 1/2 to 1-inch cubes or smaller as desired.

Equipment

Notes

  • Serving Size: Based on small 6-ounce papaya, about 1/2 cup cubes per serving (about 73 g).
  • Storing: Place ripe papaya in the refrigerator for up to 3 days. Refrigerate cut pieces in an airtight container for 3 days.
  • Freezing: Store in a single layer in a large resealable bag. You can freeze it for up to 3 to 6 months. Do not defrost before use, or the texture will become mushy.

Want to save this recipe?

Create an account easily save your favorite content, so you never forget a recipe again.

Register now

Nutrition Facts
How to Cut a Papaya
Amount Per Serving
Calories 65 Calories from Fat 9
% Daily Value*
Fat 1g2%
Saturated Fat 1g5%
Polyunsaturated Fat 1g
Monounsaturated Fat 1g
Sodium 12mg1%
Potassium 277mg8%
Carbohydrates 16g5%
Fiber 3g12%
Sugar 12g13%
Protein 1g2%
Vitamin A 1444IU29%
Vitamin C 93mg113%
Calcium 30mg3%
Iron 1mg6%
* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2000 calorie diet.

Tried this recipe?

Tag @jessica_gavin on Instagram. I'd love to see how it turns out!

Tag @jessica_gavin

Filed under:

This post may contain affiliate links. Please read my disclosure policy.

Jessica Gavin

I'm a culinary school graduate, cookbook author, and a mom who loves croissants! My passion is creating recipes and sharing the science behind cooking to help you gain confidence in the kitchen.

Jessica's Secrets: Cooking Made Easy!
Get my essential cooking techniques that I learned in culinary school.
Jessica Gavin standing in the kitchen

You May Also Like

Reader Interactions

4 Comments Leave a comment or review

  1. Judy says

    Thanks for all the cutting tips lately. I do love watermelon and papaya. I was surprised to read about latex on the skin.

  2. Oztru says

    Your information about papain is confusing. At one point you write “The enzyme is at the highest level in less ripe fruit …” but then under RECIPE SCIENCE you say “This enzyme … gets stronger as the fruit becomes riper.”
    Which is correct?

Leave A Reply

Recipe Rating