Learn how to cut an onion with this tear-free, step-by-step guide. This tutorial shows you how to safely peel, slice, dice, chop, and mince onions. It has everything you need to know!
Table of Contents
- Safety tips
- Trim the ends
- Cut in half
- Peel the skin
- How to slice an onion (2 ways)
- How to slice an onion into wedges
- How to cut an onion into rings
- How to dice onions (3 ways)
- Dicing vs. chopping
- Diced onion terms
- Why do onions make your cry?
- How to cut an onion without crying
- Ways to use onions
- Frequently asked questions
- Soaking cut onions in water
- How to Cut an Onion Recipe
The first knife skill I learned in culinary school was how to cut an onion properly. It’s the one technique I use with almost every savory recipe. The earthy, sulfurous allium adds a pungent taste when raw or infuses sweet notes when cooked.
There are various types of onions (Allium cepa), from more intense and savory to sweet. Knowing how to hold and cut an onion into different shapes safely is essential for any home cook to master. Since they are round, they are tricky and dangerous to maneuver on a flat surface, but I’ll show you how.
- Use a sharp and honed knife: A dull knife makes it difficult and more dangerous to slice. Sharpen when the blade is blunt. Use honing steel before you get started to bring the knife’s edges back to the center for more crisp, clean cuts.
- Where to cut on the blade: The sharpest part of a chef’s knife is towards the center, about 3 to 4 inches from the tip. Start the horizontal and vertical cuts from the center of the blade, then down to the pointed end to make cutting easier.
- Protect your fingers: Use the free hand to hold the onion using a claw-like grip to prevent cutting your fingertips. This technique involves tucking your fingertips in so that the knuckles parallel the blade but not so close that it’s touching. Move your clawed hand slightly further back the distance of the next cut as the blade starts to go up for the next slice.
Trim the ends
- Use a sharp chef’s knife to trim the stem end by about ½-inch.
- If slicing, trim just past the root end, about ¼-inch to make it easier to slice through.
- If dicing, trim the root end to remove any long strands but keep the bulb intact, so the layers don’t come apart. Also, do this for slicing wedges.
Cut in half
Place the onion on the cutting board stem-side down. This spot gives the round onion a stable flat surface to sit on. Cut lengthwise, from the root down to the stem. This action is called “pole to pole.” Now you have two halves.
Chef’s Tip: Keep the cut sides down on the board to reduce sulfur compounds from making you tear up.
Peel the skin
Use your fingers to peel away the papery skin starting from the stem end. If needed, remove the first layer of the onion to make peeling easier.
How to slice an onion (2 ways)
Option 1) Cut Lengthwise: Slice “pole to pole” or lengthwise, following the grain. Use the long stripes on the onion as a guide. This option yields sturdier pieces when cooked. Slicing with the grain gives a milder flavor because it ruptures fewer cell walls and releases fewer sulfur molecules.
I prefer this method when sauteing, stir-frying, or long cook times in soups and stews.
Option 2) Cut Crosswise: Slice through the equator horizontally, going against the grain. This option yields perfectly arched pieces with more intense flavor because more sulfur compounds are created. Cutting against the grain also softens the texture as the fibers will not hold as tightly together.
I prefer this method when adding to salads, burgers, or pickling. It’s easier to chew and break down when enjoyed raw, in soups, sauces, or if you want softer bites in cooked dishes.
How to slice an onion into wedges
Keep the root end intact so that the onion layers stay together. After halving lengthwise and peeling, place one of the halves cut-side down on the cutting board. Make radial cuts towards the center to give a wedge shape.
I use this method when making roasted chicken or turkey, or making a braise. The wedges ultimately soften, absorb flavor, and make for a delicious side dish when cooked.
How to cut an onion into rings
Trim off the root end by ¼-inch and the stem end by ½-inch to make peeling the skin easier. Cut an additional ¼-inch slice from the middle. Place the onion on the board, middle cut-side down for stability and prevent it from rolling away. Firmly hold the onion and make cuts crosswise through the equator to achieve rings of your desired thickness. Add to burgers, sandwiches, pickling, and fried onion rings.
You can also use a mandoline to make rings. Be careful when holding the onion, as you don’t want to cut your fingertips on the blade.
How to dice onions (3 ways)
Option 1) Traditional Method: Make horizontal cuts parallel to the cutting board. Hold the onion down with your fingertips or press down with your palm and point your fingers up. Make about 1 to 3 cuts, depending on how small a dice you want. Do not cut through the root end as it holds the onion together.
Now make vertical cuts lengthwise, starting about 1-inch from the root end. The width determines how large the dice will be. Rotate the onion so that the root end is in the back. Make slices down perpendicular to the other cuts. Let the claw-holding technique guide the knife cut so you don’t knick your fingertips.
Option 2) Angled Method: Try this technique for those not comfortable making horizontal cuts. Start by making cuts lengthwise at about 60-degree radial down towards the board, not through the center of the onion.
This angle will give more precise cuts instead of lots of smaller pieces towards the center. Now make perpendicular cuts down to provide the desired dice size. Not the most uniform method, but it’s quick.
Option 3) Vertical Method: Another way to eliminate horizontal cuts is a technique involving making a series of vertical cuts on two different sides of the onion. Once the onion is halved, cut that down the center lengthwise to make four pieces. Work one by one, making vertical cuts, 1-inch from the root end on each quartered piece. Flip those over onto the sides you just cut so that the cuts are horizontal.
Proceed with making vertical cuts, 1-inch from the root end on the sides now facing up. You can push two quarters together to look like an onion half or keep them separate. Hold them together with the claw, and slice horizontally down to create diced pieces. It gets easier to do once you’ve tried this a few times.
Dicing vs. chopping
Dicing involves more precise, uniform cuts, resembling a flat square shape. This cut is essential when you want a more definitive onion appearance in dishes like stir-fries, soups, stews, salsas, or dips.
Chopping has an irregular shape that can be large or very fine. The appearance is not essential, as you may not see it in the dish. Chopped onions tend to produce more flavor due to more enzymes released. I use this method when making pureed soups, stuffings, meatloaf, meatballs, or aromatics for a sauce.
Diced onion terms
- Minced: Tiny pieces, ⅛-inch or smaller
- Chopped Fine: Small pieces, ⅛ to ¼-inch
- Chopped Medium: Pieces ¼ to ½-inch
- Chopped Coarse: Larger ½ to ¾-inch pieces
Why do onions make your cry?
Uncut bulbs sitting in your pantry or counter have a minimal aroma. But just like when you mince garlic, when cut, suddenly a strong, pungent odor appears. When the cell walls are cut, the enzyme alliinase releases and reacts with the isoalliin compound. Also, another flavor compound forms, propanethial-S-oxide (PSO), giving the raw, stinky sulfurous taste.
The volatility of PSO causes tears in your eyes, intensifying the more you chop. It stings because the compounds convert to sulfuric acid when it mixes with the water in your eyes. The more cuts you make and the longer it sits before cooking, the more sulfur atoms release, making the smell, taste, and tears more intense.
How to cut an onion without crying
- Use a sharp knife: It helps make clean, thin slices, reducing unwanted cell wall damage, which causes your eyes to tear up from the volatile sulfur compounds.
- Wear eye protection: Contact lenses cover the eyes from those unwanted sulfurous lacrimators. I can attest to that! If you have goggles from science class, wear those.
- Turn on a vent: Cut the onions near a vent so that the volatile compounds get sucked away. You can also open up a nearby window to help with the airflow.
- Leave the root end intact: Besides keeping the onion together when dicing or slicing into wedges, it can reduce the number of tears. The root end has a higher amount of sulphuric compounds.
- Cover the cuts: After slicing, immediately place the exposed sides down on the board in between cuts. If cutting many onions, place the slices or cuts in a container, and cover with a lid.
- Chill it: Chilling slows alliinase enzyme activity and reduces the rate at which the volatile sulfur compounds produce. Refrigerate the onions for at least 30 minutes, up to 2 hours. Any longer and the starches will turn to sugar, turning soft, and change the flavor. Freeze for 15 to 45 minutes max, you don’t want it frozen, or it will change the texture and be hard to slice.
Pungent onions contain less water, so they will feel smooth, firm, heavy, and have thicker skins, with drier tighter necks. Mild and sweeter onions have more give, thinner skins, and broader necks. Avoid onions with bruises or mushy spots, as they will rot quickly.
Cut onion pieces will intensify in flavor and aroma. If stored properly in the refrigerator, use them within 7 to 10 days—store in an airtight container, like glass, to reduce odor. You can also place them in a resealable plastic bag, then inside a plastic container for a double barrier.
I find that storing half an onion wrapped in foil or plastic wrap, then in a bag or container, keeps the onion from drying out and stinking up the fridge. They freeze well in a resealable plastic bag for up to 6 months. It’s best to use frozen onions in soups, stew, or sauteed in a dish. No defrosting is needed.
Ways to use onions
- Caramelized onions for a topping
- French onion soup
- French onion dip
- To flavor meat mixtures like meatballs
- An aromatic for soups, stews, and sauces
Frequently asked questions
Cut the stem side first, about ½-inch, to make a sturdy base if cutting the onion in half. Some cooks trim the root end, especially if just slicing. Or you can keep it intact when dicing to keep the layers together.
The center of the onion has a more robust, pungent flavor because there are more flavor precursors than the outer layers. When cooked, this gives a more complex taste, but you may want to remove the center if eaten raw.
Yes! Slicing with the grain, from stem to root end, yields a milder flavor, especially when eaten raw. This method ruptures fewer cell walls in the onion, reducing the formation of spicy flavor and odors. Cutting against the grain along the equator will give a more intense taste.
Soaking cut onions in water
After chopping or slicing, you can soak the onions in cold water for 15 minutes. This technique removes some sulfur compounds developed from the ruptured cell walls. The water also creates a barrier that reduces the enzyme activity and lessens the intense flavor compounds. Drain well, especially if cooking in oil, to avoid splatter.
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How to Cut an Onion
- 1 onion
- Trim the Ends – Use a sharp knife to trim the stem end about ½-inch. Trim the root end to remove the strands, but keep the bulb intact. If slicing, trim ¼-inch off the root end.
- Separate into Halves – Place the onion on a cutting board, stem-side down. Cut lengthwise down to create two halves. Place them cut-side down on the board.
- Peel the Skin – Peel away the papery skin starting from the stem end. If needed, remove the first layer of the onion to make peeling easier.
To Cut an Onion
- For Slices – Slice lengthwise, from root to stem, following the grain to yield firm pieces with a mild flavor. For softer pieces with more intense flavor, make cuts crosswise, horizontally against the grain. Repeat slicing with the other half.
- For Wedges – Make radial cuts towards the center to give a wedge shape. Make 2 cuts for 3 large pieces, 3 cuts for 4 medium pieces, or 4 cuts for 5 smaller pieces. Repeat slicing with the other half.
- For Rings – Make a ¼-inch slice lengthwise on the middle side. Place this cut-side on the board to stabilize the onion. Firmly hold and make cuts crosswise through the equator. Alternatively, a mandoline can be used to make rings.
To Dice an Onion
- Traditional Method – Hold the halved onion with your fingertips. Alternatively, press down with your palm with fingers pointing up. Make about 1 to 3 cuts horizontally towards the root end but not cutting through, depending on dice size. Make vertical cuts down the onion lengthwise until about 1-inch from the root end. Rotate the onion so that the root end is in the back. Make slices down, perpendicular to the other slices, to dice. Cuts can be made vertically first, then horizontal if you feel more comfortable.
- Angled Method – Make cuts lengthwise on the halved onion, about 60-degree radial cuts down towards the board, but not in the center of the onion. Make perpendicular cuts down to give the desired dice size.
- Vertical Method – Cut the onion in half lengthwise to yield quarters. Work one by one and make vertical cuts, 1-inch from the root end on each piece. Flip so that the cuts are now horizontal. Make vertical cuts, 1-inch from the root end on the sides now facing up.Push two quarters together to form an onion half, or keep separate. Hold them together with the claw, and slice horizontally down to create diced pieces.
- Yield: Small onion (2” wide) about ½ cup. Medium onion (2 ½ to 3” wide) about 1 cup. Large onion (4” wide) about 2 cups.
- Diced Sizes: Minced (⅛-inch or smaller, fine (⅛ to ¼-inch), medium (¼ to ½-inch), coarse (½ to ¾-inch pieces).
- Storing: Place cut onions in a glass container or a resealable plastic bag, then in an airtight container. Wrap leftover onion halves and pieces tightly in foil, then in a plastic bag or container. Refrigerate for 7 to 10 days. Freeze in a resealable bag for up to six months.
Percent Daily Values are based on a 2000-calorie diet. All nutritional information is based on estimated third-party calculations. Each recipe and nutritional value will vary depending on the brands you use, measuring methods, and portion sizes per household.
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