Blueberry Muffins

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Freshly baked blueberry muffins with golden brown domed tops are an irresistible breakfast treat. Each perfectly portioned muffin is sprinkled with a little sugar and baked until the surface has a light crunch with jammy berries inside.

Blueberry Muffins

Each one of these blueberry muffins has just the right balance of sweetness, fruit, and a modest crunch. Using simple pantry ingredients like butter, flour, eggs, sugar, and baking powder creates a nice rising structure that holds together, but delicately crumbles apart when eaten.

Quick bread is the answer to satisfying muffin cravings in under an hour. Leavening agents like baking powder reacts with the acid in the buttermilk and moisture in the batter to create bubbles that help lift the batter as it bakes.

The hallmark of great muffins is the stunning curved top. Using just the right amount of each ingredient ensures this recipe will delight and be devoured the moment it leaves the oven.

spatula folding blueberries into batter

How to make blueberry muffins

  • Preheat the oven to 425ºF (218ºC).
  • Melt butter and then cool.
  • Whisk together dry ingredients; flour, baking powder, and salt.
  • Whisk sugar and eggs together until smooth.
  • Whisk in butter, oil, buttermilk, and vanilla to the egg mixture.
  • Add the wet ingredients and blueberries to the dry ingredients.
  • Gently fold the ingredients until batter is just combined.
  • Grease the muffin pan with cooking spray or use paper liners.
  • Use a measuring cup to measure out about a ⅓ cup of batter.
  • Sprinkle granulated sugar over each muffin.
  • Place a few blueberries on top.
  • Bake for 16 minutes, rotating the muffin tin halfway through cooking.
  • Cool muffins in the pan for 5 minutes and then remove.

The perfect muffin top

Double-acting baking powder and eggs provide gas and air that gets trapped as the muffins bake. The result is a batter that has risen, with a structure that solidifies and stays arched on top. Baking at a high temperature of 425ºF (218ºC) causes the proteins in the egg and flour to harden on the outside, ensuring that the gases stay inside the quick bread. Baking powder also helps speed up browning.

batter inside a muffin tin before baking

Use double-acting baking powder

Baking powder is a powerful chemical leavening agent that comes in single or double-acting types. I use the latter for insurance and guarantee of a proper rise in the muffin. The moment that sodium bicarbonate and acids in the buttermilk combine, gases form. Some are lost, so a secondary gas reaction occurs in the oven as the temperature rises, for extra pretty peaks.

Fat and sugar helps the texture

A combination of butter, vegetable oil, and granulated sugar makes muffins tender. Without them, the texture would be dry and tough. The fat coats the wheat proteins to prevent some water absorption and gluten formation as the batter is mixed. Sugar not only provides sweetness, but it also is a tenderizer to slow down protein bonding.

Do NOT overmix the batter

Overmixing causes muffins to become hard and rubbery, minimal physical agitation is ideal. This is due to excessive gluten formation and bonding of the proteins in the wheat flour and liquid in the batter. Instead, gently fold until wet ingredients are moistened by the dry ingredients. There should be a little bit of dry flour remaining for a moist and tender muffin.

removing a blueberry muffin from a tin

A sprinkle of sugar

Sprinkle a little bit of granulated sugar on top of each muffin before baking to create a delightful, light crunch. The high temperature of the oven gradually melts and hardens the sugar. The extra golden crust and surprisingly sweet layer make each portion tastier.

Use fresh or frozen blueberries?

Fresh blueberries are ideal, but when the fruit is not in season frozen can save the day. Make sure to defrost and rinse under cool water until noticeably lighter in color. Then dry the berries between paper towels. There will be some inevitable streaking of blueberry color because the cell walls have been ruptured during the freezing process. However, the color bleed is minimal if you follow the recommended prep steps.

Freeze and eat later

The best part of this blueberry muffin recipe is that they freeze and reheat really nicely. Once cooled, I recommend individually wrapping them in plastic wrap, and then place in an airtight container or large resealable bag. When ready to eat, unwrap, place on a paper towel, and microwave for 60 to 90 seconds for a steamy muffin whenever you need a quick breakfast or when the craving hits.

blueberry muffins cooling on a wire rack

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Testing for doneness

The muffins are done when a toothpick inserted in the center comes out clean, any wet batter is a sign that’s still raw in the center. For a more precise measurement, use an instant-read thermometer and probe the center. When it reaches around 210ºF (99ºC), it’s ready. The muffins are left in the pan for 5 minutes, so some carryover cooking will occur.

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Blueberry Muffins

Blueberry muffins with golden brown domed tops. A delicious breakfast treat with a light crunch on the surface and warm jammy berries inside.
4.75 from 12 votes
Prep Time20 minutes
Cook Time17 minutes
Total Time37 minutes
Servings 12 servings
Course Breakfast
Cuisine American


  • 1 ½ cups blueberries, divided
  • 2 ounces unsalted butter, melted
  • 2 ½ cup all-purpose flour
  • 2 ½ teaspoons double acting baking powder
  • 1 teaspoon kosher salt
  • 1 cup granulated sugar, plus more for sprinkling
  • 2 large eggs
  • ¼ cup vegetable oil
  • 1 cup buttermilk
  • 1 teaspoon pure vanilla extract


  • Place the oven rack in the upper middle position. Preheat to 425ºF (218ºC).
  • Melt the butter in a pan or microwave, then cool to room temperature.
  • In a large bowl whisk together the flour, baking powder, and salt.
  • In a medium bowl whisk together sugar and eggs until smooth and pale yellow in color, 1 minute.
  • Slowly whisk in the melted butter and vegetable oil into the egg mixture until incorporated.
  • Whisk the buttermilk and vanilla into the egg mixture.
  • Add the egg mixture and 1 ¼ cups of blueberries to the flour mixture. Gently fold the flour mixture until just moistened, with some lumps and flour spots remaining. Do not over mix the muffin batter.
  • Grease the muffin pan with nonstick cooking spray or vegetable oil, or line with paper cups. Fill each cup to the top and mounded slightly, about a ⅓ cup per muffin.
  • Sprinkle some sugar over the top of each muffin.
  • Evenly distribute the remaining ¼ cup of blueberries on top of each muffin, lightly pressing in 2 to 3 berries per muffin.
  • Bake for 10 minutes. Rotate the pan and bake until muffins are golden brown, 6 to 7 minutes.
  • Cool muffins in the pan for 5 minutes. Use a spatula to carefully release them from the tin and transfer to a cooling rack.

Nutrition Facts

Serves: 12 servings
Calories 268kcal (13%)Carbohydrates 41g (14%)Protein 4g (8%)Fat 10g (15%)Saturated Fat 7g (35%)Cholesterol 40mg (13%)Sodium 227mg (9%)Potassium 163mg (5%)Fiber 1g (4%)Sugar 20g (22%)Vitamin A 200IU (4%)Vitamin C 1.8mg (2%)Calcium 69mg (7%)Iron 1.5mg (8%)

Percent Daily Values are based on a 2000-calorie diet. All nutritional information is based on estimated third-party calculations. Each recipe and nutritional value will vary depending on the brands you use, measuring methods, and portion sizes per household.

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Jessica Gavin

I'm a culinary school graduate, cookbook author, and a mom who loves croissants! My passion is creating recipes and sharing the science behind cooking to help you gain confidence in the kitchen.

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Reader Interactions

11 Comments Leave a comment or review

  1. Jackie says

    Dear Jessica:

    I love your blueberry muffin recipe but I don’t know about your family but mine requires a lot more blueberries than 1 1/2 cup for the whole recipe. I increased my berries to 2 1/2 cups of berries and I am not sure that is enough for my family. I usually use 3 pints of berries in mine. I have one son who will not eat them if there is not enough blueberries in them. I have to remind him that they need the batter to keep the muffins together.

  2. Nat says

    I made these for breakfast and added probably an unhealthy amount of streusel on top and it turned out AMAZING! I would totally make these again!

  3. Paula Borek says

    MY husband is borderline diabetic. Can you suggest how to lower the sugar in the blueberry muffins, or at least cut the sugar way down? Splenda … Stevia? something that doesn’t affect the taste too much
    Thank You
    Paula Borek

  4. Lynn Derksen says

    I’ve made these several times and they turn out great. i sprinkled plantation raw sugar on top – crunchy but not as sweet. I ran out of frozen wild blueberries and used much larger cultivated berries (Costco). The larger berries do not work as well as the muffins tend to fall apart but just as tasty and disappear just as fast! Thank you for including the weight of the salt as not all kosher salt brands have the same crystal size. Keep up the great work!

  5. Dawn Caro says

    I have used Monkfruit successfully in many baked products. Measures cup for cup and is a healthy option as is is a natural plant with no chemicals. Does not effect the glycemic index.

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