Santa Maria style tri-tip recipe perfect for grilling during barbecue season! A smoky, sweet and spicy rub adds instant flavor to this tender cut of beef.
Santa Maria style tri-tip takes a tender, and mild cut of beef then coats the roast with a blast of spices on the surface for maximum flavor. Instead of grilling the usual chicken, ribs or sausages, why not try this under-appreciated yet delicious steak!
When Jason and I attended college at CalPoly, San Luis Obispo, we quickly learned that one of the culinary delights on the Central Coast of California was the famous beef tri-tip cut. Downtown San Luis Obispo has numerous restaurants like Firestone Grill that offer the seasoned hunks of meat on their menus, often thinly sliced and served on a soft French roll and drenched in BBQ sauce. Yum!
Since graduating and migrating South over a decade ago, we haven’t had much opportunity to get some authentic Santa Maria style tri-tip as often as we would like. Many local BBQ restaurants fall short of the ones we had in San Luis Obispo. I’m sharing my tasty tips for making this flavorful beef right at home.
Barbecued tri-tip is said to have originated from the Central Coast, where the workers on the ranches were given less tender cuts of meat that were thought to be flavorless. However, with the proper seasoning and cooking time, people realized that tri-tip could be prepared just as flavorful as the more expensive and desired cuts of meat.
The area of Santa Maria, California has now become known for this kind of barbecue delight, and visitors to this beautiful coastline make sure to grab some tri-tip during their visits.
How to cook a tri-tip roast
Sometimes it helps to have friends in the right places, Jason’s friend Mike happens to live in Santa Maria, and he helped recommend a few cooking tips. I wanted to infuse extra flavor in the crust of the tri-tip meat, so I created a smoky, sweet and spicy rub for my Santa Maria style tri-tip recipe.
- Spice Rub: A blend of paprika, chili powder, cayenne pepper, cumin, sugar, garlic, onion, salt, and pepper to create a nice balance of flavors for the rub. Allow the meat to marinate in the seasonings for at least 3 hours, up to 3 days for the flavors to penetrate the surface better.
- Grilling Tri-Tip: For large roasts, I like to rest the meat at room temperature for about 1 hour before cooking. This technique allows the meat to sear nicely on the surface without taking too much time for the meat to cook on the inside. The high heat from the grill and sugars in the rub create a beautiful crust when seared for 10 minutes on both sides. This cut is pretty thick, so to nail the right doneness of the meat the heat is turned down, and grill is covered to roast the beef. Use an instant-read thermometer to check the internal temperature, 120-125°F (medium-rare) and 130-135°F (medium).
- Resting: Carryover cooking occurs with meat, so that is why you stop cooking before you hit the desired internal doneness temperature to account for the off-heat cooking that continues to happen. For a 2 to 3-pound tri-tip roast, 15 minutes is a good resting time.
- Cutting: When slicing tri-tip, it’s easy to see the direction that the grain runs along the muscle fibers. If you’re looking at the beef with the thinner end pointing towards you, the grain runs parallel from the short sides. Make sure to slice against the grain, with the knife at a slight angle, so you don’t end up with extremely chewy slices of beef.
If you haven’t had tri-tip before, this is a flavorful recipe that doesn’t require a long cooking time and can be prepared days ahead so that you can enjoy within an hour or less of grilling!
Tri-tip is a cut from the very bottom of the sirloin section of the cow, between the ribs and rump, shaped similarly to a long triangle. Due to this shape, you will get some thinner parts of the cut that will cook more quickly than the thicker sections. This is great if you have eaters who like more well-done pieces, or like me, who prefer medium-rare, you get the best of both worlds!
This Santa Maria style tri-tip is fantastic with a delicious BBQ sauce. I serve mine with my homemade sweet and spicy barbecue sauce. Once you give this steak a try, it will often be requested by friends and family at your summertime gatherings! Have you made tri-tip before? I would love to hear about your experience in the comments section. Happy grilling!
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Why is it important to “rest” meat before slicing?
Raw beef consists of mostly water (around 75%), protein and fat. Water is stored in multiple individual muscle myofibril structures, which make up each muscle fiber of the meat. As it cooks, the protein chemically bonds together, and some even dissolve, compressing and contracting during the exposure to heat. The contractions force the water out of the myofibrils into the adjacent spaces of the muscle fiber, and the meat visually shrinks. You can physically see the water quickly run out when you slice right away. When the meat is allowed to rest before cutting, the proteins can relax, allowing some of the expelled water to be reabsorbed by the myofibrils and fill in the spaces of the dissolved protein. The result is a less dry, juicer and more tender piece of meat! (Reference: The Science of Good Cooking)
- 3 pounds tri tip , silver skin, and fat removed
- 2 tablespoons paprika
- 2 teasoons chili powder
- 1/2 teaspoon cayenne pepper
- 1 tablespoon cumin , McCormick
- 1 tablespoon dark brown sugar
- 1 1/2 teaspoons granulated sugar
- 1 teaspoon garlic powder
- 1 teaspoon onion powder
- 1 tablespoon salt
- 2 teaspoons black pepper , ground
- Combine all dry rub ingredients in a small container and set aside.
- Trim the silver skin and fat layer from the trip tip. Place the tri-tip on a sheet of plastic wrap.
- Generously coat the tri-tip with about 4 tablespoons of dry rub, 2 tablespoons on each side. Store extra dry rub in an airtight container for later use.
- Tightly wrap the seasoned tri-tip and refrigerate until ready to use. Allow the rub to settle into the meat for at least 3 hours up to 3 days.
- When ready to grill, remove the seasoned tri-tip from the refrigerator and allow to come to room temperature, about 1 hour.
- Clean grill and lightly oil using a paper towel dipped in vegetable oil.
- Heat the grill to medium-high if using a gas grill. Once grill is very hot, place the meat on the grill, searing one side for 10 minutes with the lid open.
- Turn tri-tip over and sear for another 10 minutes. Turn heat down to medium and close the lid.
- Allow the meat to cook for about 15-25 minutes, checking temperature until the thickest part of the meat reaches 120-125°F (medium rare), 130-135°F (medium doneness).
- The meat will continue to cook after being removed from the heat, so stop cooking at a temperature a few degrees lower than the desired doneness.
- Remove the tri-tip from the grill and allow to rest wrapped loosely in foil for at least 15 minutes before slicing. The foil will catch any juices from the meat, which can be added back to the meat after slicing for more flavor.
- Thinly slice the tri-tip against the grain. Serve with your favorite BBQ sauce or on a French roll.
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